A Precise Biography of the Pioneers of the Sudanese Women Movement

Compiled by Haga Kashif

 

      1.    Alaza Mohammad Abdallah

2.    Fortunata kuwafrotonatashi - first Sudanese nun

3.     Batoul Mohammad Issa(amongst the second batch of midwife trainee)

4.     Madina Abdullah  (first Sudanese female Inspector for Girls Education)

5.     Inzi Jumma Saeed-Madam Abuzeid Margan-(First Sudanese woman worked as a missionary)

6.     Nafeesa Awadalkareem(first undersecretary assistant for Girls Education).

7.     Khalda Zahir Sarour Alsadat (first Sudanese girl to enter university and first Sudanese woman doctor)

8.     Fatima Talib Issmail (first woman who proposed the idea of first Sudanese Women Social Organization).

9.     Fatima Ahmad Ibrahim(first Sudanese woman elected in the Parliament).

10.   Malikat Aldar Mohammad Abdalla(first Sudanese woman novelist).

11.   Nafeesa Ahmad Alameen

12.   Azeeza Mekki Osman Azrag

13.   Nafeesa Abubakr Almileek

14.   Nafeesa Daffallah

15.   Hawa Ali Albaseer(fisrt Sudanese woman dean at the faculty of nursing)

16.   Suaad Alfatih Albadawi( first Sudanese woman  worked  as  dean at a university college).

17.   Suaad abdulrahman

18.   Aisah Hassan (First pioneer woman to work in the Armed Forces)

19.   Nafeesa Mohammed Kamil

20.   Mahissin Geilani

21.   Zeinab Abdulgadir (First Sudanese woman to work as house Health Inspector)

22.   Rahma Ali  Gad allah

23.   Thuria Umbabi

24.   Christina Aban Ferik

25.   Khadm allah Osman

26.   Fatima Mohammad Abdulrahman.

27.   Zafga Bahta

28.   Nimaat Alzien Mustafa

29.   Suad Naseef Mansour(Suad labeeb)

30.   Merry Basioni

31.   Suad Ibrahim Issa

32.   Takwi Sirkisian(first Sudanese woman journalist.

33.   Haga Kashif Badri

34.  Um Salama Saeed Abdul latif

35.  Safia Osman Musa Mohammad Ali.

 
Alazaa Mohamad Abdullah

  • Born in Umdurman.
  • Illiterate.
  • Did not join any type of job, except managing her family, house and serving her husband.
  • She lived with her husband in Khartoum-Railway Street.
  • When her husband started his political activity in 1921she used to just listen in meetings and never participated in discussions
  • When they moved to Umdurman she helped in keeping the secrecy of the meetings
  • She and Abeid Hag alameen were among the leaders of 1924 Revolution-they used to link between the leader Ali Abdul lateef and the rest of his group.
  • She was frequently exposed to security search and inspection in her house by the British soldiers during the colonial rule.
  • When her husband imprisoned in1924 she hit a British officer who came to inspect her house.
  • Punished many times –she was tied to Shi’ba(  a tough wood branch upon which the room ceiling stands. The British soldiers threatened to shoot her dead if she would not give them the papers, however she strongly refused to surrender. Finally they left her when some Sudanese officers interfered.
  • Participated in the famous demonstration of the armed college students. She used to take to take part in the revolutionary activity from morning till evening when the 1924 revolution erupted.
  • First Sudanese woman taking part in political demonstrations.
  • First woman to attend political courts (the 1924 Revolution Courts).
  • Her husband died in October 1948.
  • A mother of tow daughters
  •  She died in 1993

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Fortunata  kuwashi - first Sudanese Nun
  • Born in the Nuba Mountain in 1n 1940.
  • Came to Khartoum with a Northern Sudanese family.
  • Took refuge in the Catholic Mission in Khartoum in 1851.
  • Sent to Europe in 1851 for training and education.
  • Baptized in 1854 in Verona in Italy. 
  • Received training at the teachers’ institute which was opened by the Father Comboni in Egypt for training the Sudanese monks and nuns and she was in the girls’ nunnery in Cairo.
  • Came back to Khartoum in 1873 with a group of teachers (males and females) led by the father Daniel Comboni.
  • Established Khartoum Catholic Mission   in Danalang.
  • Joined Comboni’s mission and devoted herself to nunnery in 1882 and adopted her new name which in the Italian language stands for  (fortunate).
  • Mahdi’s men arrested her in 1885 with a group of monks and nuns when Alobeied fell.
  • Escaped from jail and then went to Egypt.
  •  First nun ever from Sudan in history.
  • Died in Cairo in 1899.

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Batoul Mohammad Issa
  • Born in Ruffa
  • Attended her elementary education in Babiker Badri’s School in Ruffa.
  • She was in batch three at the Midwives School and started training on Nov 11.1924.
  • She was contemporary to Ali Abdul latif Revolution in 1924 and arrested in the ship in which the students of the Armed College were caught.
  • Taken out of the steamer with her schoolmates by the interference of Mrs. Woof; the school’s dean.
  • First woman to use the bicycle in going to her work. She started using it in 1937.
  • Worked as a teacher and a trainer at the midwives Schools till 1945.
  • In 1947 she was promoted to the position of the principal of Midwives School in Umdurman.
  • Retired in 1962 and she offered an exceptional pension at a time no other working woman was a pension.
  • Returned to the Midwives School In 1965 to work as volunteer.
  •  She was sincere, devoting and giving in her job .Her interests were all confined into the art of obstetrics.
  • A widow and a mother of one son.

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Madina Abdullah (first Sudanese female Inspector for Girls Education)
  • Born in Umdurman
  • At the beginning she received her education in Beit Almahadi with the Mahdi’s family women ; the Mahdi’s daughters. They were educated by Alsheikha Khadeega Bint  Wad Abu Safia who used to move from house to another to teach women the principles of the Holy Quran and Islamic Studies.
  • Joined Wad Nubawi Elementary School as a married woman and a mother of a son when it was opened in 1926 and graduated in only two years.
  • Joined the Women Teachers’ College and exempted from one complete year due to her age and intelligence.
  • Employed as a principal of Wad Nubawi Elementary School in Umdurman  In 1929 .
  • Employed as the first inspector for girls’ education in Sudan. She remained in that position for seventeen years and requested to be exceptionally pensioned off as an appreciation to her efforts.
  •  Her job as an inspector helped her visit almost all parts of Sudan.

  • First Sudanese woman who thought of opening the Night Schools for the literate women. She opened a night school in 1940 in her house in Wad Nubawi .
  • Established Madina Intermediate School for Girls in 1957.
  • Worked as a dean in her school.
  • Member of Sudanese Women Union.
  • Member of the Sudanese Red Crescent.
  • Member of Motherhood and childhood Protection Society.
  • Performed Hajj (Pilgrimage) and visited the Kaaba(The Holy House in Mecca) 27  times.
  • She visited Jerusalem.
  • She was offered badge of the British Empire for her distinguished service.
  • The University of Khartoum offered her the Honorary Master of Arts in 1970 as an appreciation to her efforts in education.
  • Likes patriotic poetry and she wrote some poems not yet published.
  • Married and mother of  one son.
  • She died in 1991.

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Inzi Jumma Saeed-Madam Abuzeid Margan-(First Sudanese woman missionary)
  • Born on September/2/1898 in Egypt at Alzamelk.
  • Attended school in Swan the catholic sisters schools. (The Seven Girls School).
  • Completed intermediate school in Saint Ann School at Khartoum Central Station (now called Sisters School).
  • Worked as a tailor knitting women dresses (Wingit Basha’s (who was once Sudan General Governor) wife was one of her customers.
  • She used to patrol houses teaching knitting and propagating Christianity.
  • In 1920 the Telephone Department announced vacancies for girls to work in its offices and she the first Sudanese woman working in those offices. She worked with Asma Gurnifli, continued for some months, however she retired in response to her mother’s interest and then she continued working as a tailor and a missionary.
  • Worked hard in helping charity organizations.
  • Lived with her husband in Turret in Southern Sudan.
  • Played a great role in foiling a conspiracy for splitting Southern Sudan from the North In 1952.She was an active member in the Christian Charity Organizations.
  • A widow and mother of four sons.

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Nafeesa Awadalkareem(first undersecretary assistant for Girls Education)
  • Born in Ruffa’a
  • Attended  Ruffa’a Elementary School.
  • Graduated from the Faculty of Teachers’ Training in Umdurman.
  • Worked as a teacher in many parts of Sudan.
  • She was the only Sudanese female teacher among the teaching staff of the first intermediate school for girls opened in 1940.
  • First female teacher started the idea establishing the school theater at girls schools.
  • Author and an outstanding director for novels and plays.
  • Exerted a big effort in combating FGM and participated in the campaign organized by Dr. Ali Badri, the Minister of health, against the Pharaoh circumcision in 1944 and as result to that activity she experienced a lot of problems, ordeals and insults.

  • She had some writings and views on girls’ education in Sudan.
  • Took the position of the education inspector at the Ministry of Education, then she became the assistant of girls’ education supervisor
  • and the she was the first Sudanese woman to take that high position.
  • Received the Empire medal for Girls in Ruffa’a.
  • Married and had no children.
  • Died in 1966.

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Khalda Zahir Sarour Alsadat(first Sudaenese girl to enter university and first Sudanese woman doctor)
  • Born in Umdurman.
  • Joined Alfaki Hassan Quranic School (AlKhalwa) in Almawrda in Umdurman When she was young.
  • Attended Unity Elementary,-Intermediate and -high School.
  • She and Zarwi Sarkisian were the first Sudanese girls to enter the Faculty of Medicine at Khartoum University.
  • She and Zarwi Sarkisian were the first Sudanese female doctors at the Ministry of Health.
  • Now she is a doctor at the Ministry of Health.
  • She got involved into the political arena when she was a student and worked from underground and in public activity.
  • Carried out a clear political activity and took part in the leadership of the Students’ Union in late 1940s and at the beginning of the 1950s.
  • In 1946 she led the famous demonstration of Graduates Club against the legislative Assembly and arrested.
  • One of the founders and leaders of the Sudanese Women Movement; she and Fatima Talib Ismail formed the first women organization in Sudan; Umdurman Girls Association in 1946.
  • She one of the first ten women who established the Sudanese Women Union in 1952 and she took the presidency of that union in the late 1950s.
  • Struggled and fought a lot inside and outside Sudan for the Sudanese women.
  •  Founding member of Sudan Women Public Organization.
  • Participated in many medical conferences outside Sudan.
  • Founding member in the Front of Organization which was formed during October’s revolution in 1964.
  • Offered the Honorary Doctorate by Khartoum University in 2001.
  • Married and a mother of two daughters and  two sons.

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Fatima Talib Issmail(owner of the idea of first Sudanese Women Social Organization)
  • The one who proposed the idea of forming the first social women organization.
  • Born in Alrank.
  • Attended elementary education in Umdurman Mission Elementary School and in Shendi Governmental School. Then she attended the Evangelical Intermediate School, the Coptic College in Khartoum and the Unity High School in Khartoum.
  • Graduated from the faculty of Arts-University of Khartoum. She was the first Sudanese woman to get the bachelor degree from the University of London.
  • Worked as a teacher and received training in education in the UK.
  • Received training in Egypt in the area of community development.
  • First principal for a girls’ school.
  • Attended many educational conferences outside Sudan.
  • Delegated by the ministry of education to the Yemen to participate in woman education planning there.
  • One of the first pioneers of Sudanese Women Movement.
  • Formed the first Women organization in Sudan; the Association of the Educated Girls in 1947 in Umdurman.
  • Following her political disagreement with some of the women in the association of Educated Girls she participated with the Mahdi’s Beit women in forming ‘Women Development Society’ in 1949 in Umdurman.
  • Founding member in the Sudanese Women Union and she was one of the founding members of Sudan Women Popular Organization.
  • Participated in many extraordinary conferences inside and outside Sudan.
  • Served the issue of women in various forums inside and outside Sudan.
  • She had many writings on women issues.
  • Gave up working in the Sudanese Women Union for political reasons.
  • A widow and had one child
  • Died in 1994.

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Fatima Ahmad Ibrahim(first Sudanese woman elected in the Parliament)
  • First Sudanese woman elected in the Parliament
  • Born in Umdurman
  • Attended the Elementary Missionary School in Wad Medani , Umdurman Intermediate School(in Umdurman and Umdurman Higher Secondary School.
  • Participated in the first batch that led the first strike led girls schools in Sudan.
  • Taught in national schools after the department of Education declined her employment for political reasons.

  • Considered as one of the most prominent figure in women field, although she was not one of the first ten women who founded the Sudanese Women Union, however she worked in its first preparatory executive committee after its establishment and remained a leading member and became chairperson in 1956-1957 and in the 1960s.
  • Participated in the formation of Sudan Women Organization during the Abud’s military regime in 1962 and she was member of the first committee of that organization.
  • Established Sout Almaraa Newspaper (Woman’s Voice Newspaper) along with a number of women from the Sudanese Women Union .She also became its editor-in- chief.
  • Made the Women’s Voice Newspaper an intellectual forum opposing the military regimes which in turn stopped its issuance .many times.
  • Played a big role in October Revolution (1964) and she was member of the Associations Front.
  • First Sudanese woman to take part in the legislative Apparatus in Sudan as she won in one of the graduates’ constituencies in 1956 election .She became a parliament representative following October  Revolution(964).
  • Fully freed herself for women’s work, exerted a lot efforts for the sake of the Sudanese women in underground and public work.
  • Has many writings and essays on women’s issues and issued a book in 1966 called’ Our Road to Liberation.
  • Participated in many regional and international conferences and chaired many of them as well.
  • A widow and a mother of one son.

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Malikat Aldar Mohammad Abdalla(first Sudanese woman novelist)
  • Born in Elobeid in 1922.
  • Started her schooling in Khalwat Elsheikh Ismail Elwali   (Quranic School) in Elobeid. She was excellent in reciting the Holy Qura’n since she was young.
  • Attended Elhuba Elementary school in Elobeid which was the first girls’ school in Western Sudan. Graduated from the Teacher’s Training College in 1934 in Umdurman.
  • Learned English depending on her own personal effort, some times depending on correspondence with some English teachers (females) in Sudan.
  • Worked as a teacher in many parts of Sudan; Kassala, Senga, Deleng and in Umdurman Intermediate School for Girls which was the first intermediate school for girls in Sudan.
  • Employed in the position of Education Inspector in 1960.
  • Founding member of Elobeid Charity Society.
  • Participated largely in awareness- raising campaigns against the pharaoh Circumcision (FGM) in many regions of Sudan.
  • Member of Sudanese Women Union.
  • Member of female teacher’s trade union.
  • Excellent at typing.
  • Plays the piano excellently.
  • Excellent at playing the whistle.
  • Loves singing and good at  making melodies  for Anasheed and Mahfouzat(Poems).
  • Loves reading stories, Arabic literature in general.
  • A good novelist published and many short stories on the local and Arabic newspapers and magazines.
  • Her story “When do you come back” one second prize in the short- story contest organized by Rukun El- Sudan in 1968.
  •  Married and had no children.
  • Died in November 1969. After her death her book “The Wide Emptiness” ,which is a story depicting women’s sufferings was published in 1970. 
  • Established an Elementary school in Elobeid under her name as a memorial to her works and efforts.

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Nafeesa Ahmad Alameen
  • Born in Umdurman.
  • Attended elementary education in Umdurman. She graduated from the faculty of Teachers’ Training and she got the High Certificate from the University of London.
  • Offered the honorary doctorate by Ahfad University in 1998.
  • Taught in the governmental schools, however, the oppression of the British teachers compelled her to resign.
  • Joined  Umdurman AL- Ahleia Intermediate School for Girls “El- Milaik” as  a teacher.
  • Founding member in the Sudanese Women Union and she was its first executive secretary.
  • Member of the Teachers’ Trade Union (Syndicate).
  • Established the Sudanese Women Society in the UK in 1954.
  • One of the founders of Abu- Bakr Osman Intermediate School in Wad Medani.

  • Chairperson for the branch of the Sudanese Women Union in Gezira
  • First woman to be employed in the executive boards.
  • Employed as member of the preparatory committee for the preparation of the founding conference of the Sudanese socialist union.
  • Member of the National People’s Council which drafted Sudan Permanent Constitution during Numeri’s Regime.
  • Member of the local and municipal government’s apparatuses.
  • Attended many local, regional and international conferences, meetings representing the Sudanese women.
  • She has many writings and commentaries on the Sudanese newspapers and magazines about women issues and on some social and political public issues- in 1972.
  • Issued a booklet entitled “Sudanese Women throughout her Struggle’s History.
  • Participates remarkably on Radio and TV.
  • First women to be employed in the executive apparatus in the position of Deputy Minister at the ministry of Youth.
  • A widow and a mother a son and a daughter.

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Aziza Mekki Osman Azraq
  • Born in Omdurman.
  • Attended elementary, intermediate and secondary schools in Omdurman governmental schools.
  • Worked as a teacher in Omdurman Al ahlia Intermediate school (Almeliek)
  • Participated with the group which led the first strike in girls' schools in Sudan.
  •  Started her underground political activity when she was at school.
  • An active member in the Association of Educated Girls in Umdurman in 1947.
  • Founding member of women development Society in 1949.

  • Founding member of in the Sudanese Women Union in 1952.
  • Founding member of Sudanese Women Popular Association.
  • Married in 1954 and her marriage was the first of its type that took place at the head office of the Sudanese Women Union and in which some updated marriage customs were made.
  • Worked as a teacher in Umdurman Alahlia Intermediate School for Girls (Almeleik School) when the Ministry of education refused to employ her for political reasons.
  • The Sudanese Women Union employed her as the principal for the Intermediate School that it established in Hai Alarab.
  • Worked as a supervisor for female students at Sudan Embassy in Egypt in 1980-1983
  • Supervised the cultural activity in the Sudanese Women Union and its branches. She and Nafeesa Ahmad Alameen were were responsible for the Women Union Rukun on Sudan Radio.
  • First women to present programs and talks under the name of the Sudanese Women Union. She also had activity on Sudan Rukun on Egypt Radio.
  • Represented the Sudanese Women Union in local, regional and international conferences on women issues.
  • She has some writings on the Sudanese and Egyptian newspapers and magazines.
  • Played a remarkable role in October Revolution.
  • A founding member in Democratic Socialist Party. She and Suaad Ibrahim Issa were the first women in the leadership of a political party and they were chosen in the executive committee of the party.
  • Member of the Associations Front which was formed following October Revolution.
  • Married and a mother of  two daughters and two sons.

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Nafeesa Abu babkr Al meleik
  • Born in Ruffaa.
  • Attended elementary school in Ruffaa, Port Sudan and Khartoum due to her father's move.
  • Finished intermediate school in Umdurman Intermediate Schools.
  • Joined the Teacher’s College and after graduation worked in the elementary schools.
  • Joined a qualifying course in 1947 at the teachers’ college so as to work in the intermediate schools.
  • Did an M.A. in Manchester University – England in 1998.
  • Worked as an instructor at the Teachers’ College in Umdurman.

  • When her father died in 1967 she became the principal of his school (Almeleik School) and she is still the principal of this school.
  • Founding member of Teachers’ Union (female teachers) which later on changed into a trade union that she chaired in 1950-1953.
  • Proposed sending a political memorandum to the government's officers to repeal the emergency laws and Article of (105 of Sudan Renal Code following Sudan independence.
  • Founding member of Sudanese Women Union which she chaired in 1953-1955 in two subsequent turns.
  • Wrote a very famous article on Alsaraha  Newspaper in 1951 entitled’Hasn’t yet Been High Time  to Wake up, which had  remarkable impact  with along with some other factors in crystallizing the idea of Sudanese Women Union.
  • A founding member and financer of Sout Almarra Magazine (Women's Voice magazine) and she participated in its plans and editing.
  • Participated in preparing materials for Sudanese Women Rukun on Radio Umdurman, but she did not take part in presenting it.
  • Participated in establishing the Sudanese Women Union's schools.
  • Refused to take part in Sudanese Women Association which was formed by the military regime in 1961.
  • Implemented the idea in of Sudanese Women association in 1966 following October Revolution in a registered association and established a cooperative handcrafts shop.
  • Employed in the national convention commission after May 1969.
  • Employed as a member in May Commercial Corporation.
  • Ahfad University offered her the Honorary Doctorate in 2001.
  • She is married and has three daughters and three sons.

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Nafeesa Daffallah
  • Born in Khartoum.
  • Attended elementary, intermediate and secondary schools in Barbershop school in Umdurman.
  • Completed her education in the Episcopal School in Umdurman.
  • A founding member of women's club in Medani in 1944.
  • Founded and chaired the charity society in Port Sudan founded the branch of Sudanese Women Union in Elobeid in 1954.
  • Chairperson of Women Union in Medani in the late 1950s.
  • A founding Member of Women Cultural Renaissance Society in Umdurman.
  • First Women to propose, with some other women in the UK at, instituting a petition to the Prime Minister Ismail Alazhari requesting him to lift the constraints and restrictions wives travel with their husbands and that petition was positively responded to and then wives constraints lifted.
  • An activist in the field of public charity.
  • A widow and had two daughters and three sons
  • Died in 1991.

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Hawa Ali Albaseer: fist sudaese plan of the faculty of Nursing
  • Born in Alshawal village near Kosti in the White Nile area.
  • Brought up in Khartoum North and attended the American – Evangelical School in Khartoum North (Bahri).
  • In 1930 she lived with her sister in Omdurman and opened a school that taught women home management, reading, writing and knitting.
  • An English women-inspector visited her school, liked her effort and proposed to join her in the midwives' school in Umdurman.
  • Graduated from Midwives' School in 1941, attained the nursing certificate in 1944 In 1954 she got the health visitors certificate and worked as a health visitor In Khartoum.
  • Established and chaired the midwives' school in Elobeid.
  • She was delegated in a two –year scholarship for to get the nursing and health visitors certificate in the UK.
  • Member of the International Midwives Association and the International Health Visitors Association.
  • First Sudanese woman to take the position of the dean of the faculty of nursing and delivery in Sudan in 1956.
  • During her career she went to all parts of Sudan, attended many local and international conferences in the area of obstetrics and gynecology received the medal of distinguished service from the British Empire.
  • Wrote many research and papers on nursing and midwifes’ science. 
  • Was offered the Honorary Mastery by the University of Khartoum in appreciative to her great efforts.
  • One of the founders of the Sudanese Charity Association.
  • Died in 1973 and had one son.

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Suaad Alfatih Albadawi
  • Born in Elobeid.
  • She completed her elementary and intermediate education in the Missionary and government school in Elobeid, Barbar, Atbara, Khartoum and Umdurman due to her father's move doing his job.
  •  Graduated from the faculty of Arts at Khartoum University College in 1959.
  • Attained an MA and PhD. in Arabic literature at the University of Khartoum.
  • Worked as a teacher in secondary schools.
  • Member of the first executive committee in the Sudanese Women Union in 1952.
  • She was the first woman to represent the women Union outside Sudan in the Egyptian Women Conference in 1952.
  • She broke off from Sudanese Women Union in 1952 for political reasons.
  • She took part in the formation of the Sudanese Women Popular Association during Abud military's regime in 1962 and was elected in the executive committee.
  • She has remarkable activities on Sudan Radio and TV presenting programs on Women issues and other programs off different types.
  • Represented the Sudanese Women in the international labor conference in Switzerland in the summer of 1965.
  • Formed with Thuria Umbabi the National Women Front in 1965.
  • Published together with Thuria Umbabi the Moslem Sisters Woman Magazine (Almanar ).
  • She has some writings, essays and research on the Sudanese and foreign newspapers and magazines on Sudanese women issues.
  • Proposed the idea of the formation of the Women forum in 1967.
  • Participated in conferences inside and abroad on women education and general women issues.
  • A founding member in the Association front which was established following October Revolution of 1964.
  • In 1969 The UNESCO delegated her to assess girls’ education in KSA (kingdom of Saudi Arabia).
  • Worked as a dean for the Girls’ College at the University of Riyadh in KSA.
  • First woman to work as advisor for the president of the republic for Women Affairs.
  • Married and a mother of two sons and a girl.

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Suad Abdulrahman
  • Born in Umdurman.
  • Completed her education and training in Umdurman elementary, intermediate and secondary schools and then she joined the Teachers’ Training College in Umdurman.
  • Worked as a teacher in the governmental schools in Khartoum and in some parts of Sudan.
  • She, Nafeesa Aljmeleik and Fatima   Sharoun established the first Women Teachers’ Union in Sudan which was changed into a trade union in the early 1950s.
  • First Sudanese woman to have a regular activity on Radio Umdurman on Women and child Rukuns with Fatima Talib Ismail.
  •  Memeber ofthe executive committee of Sudanese Women Union and the secretary of its treasury till she left Sudan with her husband.
  • Had some activity on the BBC Radio in London in 1950s.
  • She and Aziza Mekki established Alahlia Intermediate School ( in Alarab in Umdurman) of  the Sudanese Women Union .
  • Worked as a teacher in Hai Alarab Ahlia Intermediate School which was established by the Sudanese Women Union.
  • Visited many countries moving with husband and she is not interested in politics.
  • Married and mother of one daughter.

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Aisha Hassan

  • Born in Khartoum.
  • Attended elementary and intermediate schools in Khartoum and got her secondary education in the Coptic college in Khartoum.
  • Graduated from Cairo University – Khartoum Branch – Faculty of Law.
  • Worked as a students' supervisor at the University of Khartoum.
  • Member of the Students Arabic Thought Association at her late stage of secondary school.
  • At University she worked on establishing the Arab Front Organization.
  • A founding Member of the Arab Socialist Force Organization.
  • A founding Member of the Arab Socialist Union following the graduation from the university.
  • Started her political career in 1954.
  • Participated in demonstration against the military regime in 1959-1964.
  • Member of the Convention Commission after May 1969.
  • Member of the preparatory committee of the National foundation Conference of the Socialist Union.
  • First woman to take the position of Major in the Peoples Armed Forces.
  • Supervised the Formation of The National Party Wing among women. She led that wing in 1970.
  •  Founding member of the Arab Nasiria Women Association.
  • Has some activity on newspapers and Radio.
  • Attended many local ,regional and international  meetings and conferences on women issues
  • Member of the association of Sudanese universities and high institutes.
  • Founding member of women initiatives group.
  • Married a mother of four sons and a daughter.

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Nafeesa Mohamad Kamil
  • Born in Sinnar.
  • Attended elementary and intermediate school in Anglo-American Evangelical Mission in Port Sudan.
  • Developed her study by  reading arts books,  arts magazines ,especially  Arissala Magazine. Her husband taught, helped and guided her.
  • Edited the women's page on Kurdufan Magazine since it was established till 1958.
  • Her book "The Sudanese Women between The Past and Present” published in 1999.
  • Worked as an editor of the women page on Elneel Magazine since the beginning of the Umma Party in 1946 till the barring of Sudanese parties after May 1969.
  • A founding member and chairperson of the charity organization in Elobeid in 1951-1956.
  • Member of the Sudanese Red Crescent Society.

  • Took part in many national commissions of different activities and works like Palestine Support Committee.
  • After October 1964 Revolution, and after the formation of Women Associations were formed by the political parties, she became a founding member in Umma Party Women's Association.
  • Member of the Arab Nasiria Women Association.
  • Member of Sudanese Women Journalists.
  • Married, has twelve daughters and three sons.

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Mahasin Geilani
  • Born in Umdurman.
  • Had her elementary, intermediate and secondary education in Umdurman governmental schools.
  • Graduated from the Faculty of Arts at Khartoum University in 1956.
  • Was among the group that organized the first girls’ school's strike in 1951.
  • Worked as a teacher in the intermediate and secondary schools in Umdurman, Khartoum, Elobeid, Kosti and Meridi.
  • Founding member of the Sudanese Women Union and member of its executive committee till 1969.
  • Member of the Trade Union of Sudanese Teachers Union.
  • Did an M.A. in Arabic language from Khartoum Institute for Non-Arabic Speakers.
  • Participated in the branches of Sudanese Women Union in Meridi and Kosti.
  • Worked a lot in the field of literacy Eradication amongst women in Khartoum North (Bahri) and in Southern Sudan.
  • Carries out some journalistic and radio activity.
  • Attended many local, regional and international meetings and conferences on women issues.
  • Member of Sudanese universities and High Institutes Graduates Association.
  • Founding member of Women Initiatives Group.
  • Married and a mother of  four sons and a daughter.

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Zeinab Abelgadir: (First health woman inspector in Sudan)
  • Nicknamed by Haneena.
  • Born in Gezira.
  • Attended the Sisters School in Umdurman. She was in the first batch of trained midwives in Sudan.
  • Worked as a midwife till 1948. In December 1945 Umdurman National Council decided to employ as domestic health women inspector instead of men inspectors so to make the communication with the housewives easier.
  • First health woman inspector in Sudan.
  • Used to ride her bicycle wearing her full Sudanese national costume. She and Sit Batoul Mohamad Issa were the first Sudanese to  ride the bicycle.
  • Interested in studying ethnography.
  • She has a book under publishing entitled ‘Obsequies Etiquette’ = Memorial Gathering).
  • Still working in Umdurman Health office.
  • Never took part in any women organization.
  • A widow.
  • Adopted her sister’s two daughters.

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Rahama Ali Gad Allah
  • Born in Umdurman
  • Was taught the Holy Quran by Sheikha Khadiega Bint Abu Safia.
  • She was one of those Sheikhat (Holy Quran female Instructors) who used to go about houses to teach women.
  • Corrected her memorization of the Holy Quran by mother her mother; Elsheida Umsalama Bint (daughter) Alimam Elmahdi .
  • Attended Alabasia Elementary School in Umdurman which was established by Elseid Abdulrahman Elmahdi.
  • She was taught the Quranic Sciences and the prophetic Ahadeeth (speech and words said by the prophet Mohammad ((PBUH) = peace be upon him)), Islamic History and Arabic Literature by Elsheikh Elteib Elsarag.
  • She tends to read the religious literature books, especially Arabic poetry.
  • Likes team work.
  • Proposed the idea of establishing the Women Development Association whose chairperson was Fatima Talib whose secretary was Nafessa Mohammad Salih.
  • Founding member of the Woman Cultural Renaissance Society in Umdurmanin , and chairperson  also till  its activity ceased in 1969.
  • Founding member of the Sudanese Red Crescent Society.
  • Member of Women Association ( Umma Party).
  • Attended local women conferences and keen on attending all Umma Party's political conferences.
  • Attended a religious conference in Khartoum chaired by Elsheikh Mohamad Omer Alda'uk.
  • A widow and has three sons and a daughter.

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Thuria Umbabi
  •  Born in Umdurman.
  • Attended elementary, Intermediate and secondary schools in Umdurman.
  • Participated with the group that organized the first strike led by the girl's schools in Sudan.
  • Worked as a teacher in Alafad secondary school in 1954- 1964.
  • When the Ministry of Education refused to employ her for political reasons she established Alarada Ganoub Intermediate School for girls and worked as its principal.
  • Founding member of the Sudanese Women union and secretary of its preparatory committee.
  • Had some activity on Sudan Radio and TV on Women Rukun (Corner) and some social programs.
  • Started the editing of Women Rukun on Asudan Agadeed Newspaper and went to doing that job till 1958.
  • Published with Suaad alfatih Almanar Newspaper and worked as its editor – in – chief till 1956.
  • Founding member of the National Women Front which was established in 1964.
  • Represented the Sudanese women in some conferences.
  • Member of the Associations Front which was formed after October Revolution of  1964.
  • Married and had a daughter and a son.
  • Died in 1996.

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Christina Aban Fareek
  • Born in Eltoung.
  • Attended the Catholic Mission School in Fajouk.
  • Graduated from the (female) teachers college which was a part of Catholic Mission in Fajouk.
  • Worked as a teacher in the same catholic mission in Fajouk.
  • Went about a lot with her husband in many areas in the Equatorial provinces.
  • Fled the country with her husband, sons and daughters to Kenya as political refugees when the political situation became tightly worsened between the military regime and the Southerners.
  • They moved from Kenya to Uganda and lived with the catholic mission in which most of the workers were Africans and Italians.
  • Moved to Congo before October Revolution.
  • Worked in trading in Uganda and Congo, undertook all the family needs when her husband was political refugee.
  • Came back to Sudan on January 19/1965 with her husband who thought that October Revolution created a comfortable ground for discussion and negotiations on the South and Southerners
  • Unlike the other parties she never established any woman organization as a part of SANO Party.
  • She never worked via a women association, however, she was member of SANO Party and provided a high help to this party, especially in the General Election of 1965.
  • A widow of William Deng ,the founder of SANO party.
  • Has four sons and two daughters – adopted her husband's daughter.

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Khadimallah Osman
  • Born in Cobar in Argo Center.
  • Moved with her mother to Alwaborat block in behavior North (Bahri).
  • She was taught by the missionaries and never attended school.
  • Was excellent and knitting and embrodery.
  • Started her career as a knitter in the Railway Department.
  • In 1949 she joined Dr. Altigani Almahi’s psychiatric clinic in Khartoum North (Bahri) as a nurse to help him.
  • Dr. Altigani Amahi helped and encouraged her to join the nursing school in Khartoum North (Bahri).
  • She worked as a nurse and started studying a nursing course in 1950.
  • Attained a certificate on nursing, obstetrics and hospital management.
  • Worked sincerely and promoted till she became deputy dean of nursing and obstetrics in Sudan.
  • Member of the Sudanese Women Union and member of its executive committee.
  •  Active member in the charity societies and the red crescent and used to give some nursing lessons to members.
  • Active member in nurse's trade union and she was the secretary of its syndicate's branch in Khartoum North (Bahri).
  • Participated largely in the underground and public political activity.
  • Had some writings on Sout Almaraa(Woman’s Voice), Almidan and Alsaraha Newspapers.
  • Participated in many gatherings and political demonstrations.
  • Participated remarkably with other nurses and in the political and social work.
  • She liked literature and had many patriotic poems not yet published.
  • She had three daughters and two sons.
  • Died in May 1967.

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Fatima Mohamad Abdulrahman
  • Born in Khartoum.
  • Started her education in the Evangelical Mission School in Khartoum North, but she did not complete it because  she got married at a  very young age ; when she was ten years old.
  • She completed her education depending on her own effort at home.
  • Joined Cairo University as a distant learning student studying Arabic literature and she was encouraged by the deceased Mohamad Salih Elshingeiti lift she graduated from the Coptic College in Khartoum.
  • Interested in literature and politics.
  • She had some relations with the Egyptian (female) writers and novelists Dr. Suhair Elgalamawi and Dr. Zeinab Bint Elshati dated back to 1945.
  • Tried to form a woman organization.
  • The women organization she formed did succeed and then confined her work on activities aimed at helping the political activity.
  • Wrote, acted and directed a political play by the assistance of Ahmad Mohamad Alsheikh.
  • Worked as an assistant for Sudan delegation for the negotiations with the Egyptian and British governments in 1946.
  • She has some writings on the newspapers and magazines in which she tackled many social issues signed by the letter "F".
  • Founding member of the Housewives Cooperative Society in Buri Elmahas and she was its deputy chairperson.
  • A widow and a mother of  one daughter.

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Zafga Bahta
  • Born in Umdurman .
  • Attended the Evangelical elementary and intermediate schools.
  • Joined the nursing school and completed a course on obstetrics and health visitors in 1952.
  • Worked in many hospitals in Sudan and her work gave her a chance to visit most parts of Sudan.
  • She was one of the most prominent nurses who worked in trade unions and political activity.
  • Member of the committee of Nurses Trade Union.
  • Took part in the political activity against the British Colonization and participated in many political meetings, gatherings and demonstrations against the colonial rule in the late forties and in the early fifties of the twentieth century.
  • She was member of the Sudanese peace commission.
  • She was an active member in the Sudanese women union.
  • Arrested many times for political reasons.
  • Founding member of the Sudanese Women Union's branch in Port Sudan.
  • She was an active member in Port Sudan charity society.
  • Played a big role in October's Revolution (1964).
  • She has some writings and commentaries on Almeidan and Alsaraha newspapers.
  • Attended a lot of local, political and women's meetings, gatherings and conferences.

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Ni'mat Elzein Mustafa
  • Born in Khartoum.
  • Attended the elementary school in Khartoum and intermediate school in Umdurman.
  • Graduated from Umdurman Teacher's Training College in 1948.
  • Worked as a teacher in Khartoum and Port Sudan till 1953.
  • She was an active member in the Sudanese Women Union.
  • Established the branch of Sudanese Women Union in Khartoum Janoub (Khartoum South).
  • Spitted from the Women Union and established the Sudanese Women Renaissance Society in April 1952 and chaired it till her death.
  • Led the first women's demonstration known in Sudan on the occasion of the celebration of signing the Agreement of Sudan Self-governance in 1945.
  • Led the delegation of Sudanese Women Renaissance Society and Sudanese Women Union to Egypt to attend the first anniversary of June 3rd Revolution of 1953.
  • She was the first woman ever to edit the woman's page on Arai Alaam Daily newspaper.
  • Had some remarkable activities on Sudan Radio.
  • She was a member in the South Commission following the insurgency's incidents in 1955.
  • Married and had two sons.
  • Died in 1957.

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Suaad Naseef Mansour (Suaad Labeed)
  • Born in Dungla Alarda.
  • Attended the Evangelical Mission Elementary School and the Catholic Intermediate and Secondary Schools in Atbara.
  • Visited most of Sudan's regions with her husband.
  • Started her social work in the equatorial province in 1945, where she opened a child care center which was the first of its type in the area.
  • Benefited from her presence with her husband in the UK where she got acquainted with social work in mentally – retarded children, counselors and Rest Crescent Centers.
  • Member of the Red Crescent Society.
  • First Counselor and founder of the Tuberculosis's Haters Society.
  • Joined the Counselor’s Department in Port Sudan in 1951.
  • Employed in 1959 as a chairperson of the scout and continued in that position till 1969.
  • Member of the Charity Society in Port Sudan.
  • Member of the Sudanese Women Union.
  • Established the Social Counseling Center in collaboration with the Khartoum North Municipality Council and the Ministry of health in 1957.
  • She was the supervisor of the Orphanage which was a part of the American in Christian Mission in Khartoum North and she is still looking after it.
  • Attended many scout conferences and meetings in Africa and Europe.
  • She does not tend to involve herself in politics.
  • A widow and a mother of  two daughters and two sons.

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Merry Basioni
  • Born in Bahr algazal
  • Attended the Catholic Mission elementary, intermediate and secondary schools in Bahr Algazal region.
  • An officer  at Juba bank
  • Never joined any women organization before 1969.
  • Prominent member in SANO’s party.
  • Member of Sudanese African Liberation Front (SALIF) party.
  • Continued in her involvement in politics after the unification of the above two mentioned parties.
  • Left Sudan with the other Southerners’ communities who left the country and took refuge in the neighboring countries when the situation worsened between the Southerners and the controlling government
  • Lived two years as a political refugee in Uganda.
  • She and her comrades served and helped the refugees’ camps in Uganda.
  • Came back to Sudan with big numbers of refugees after October’s Revolution when some initiatives appeared on the horizon for solving the South problem.
  • She has never been involved in politics after 1964; however she only looked after her family.
  • After May/1969 and after the declaration of the peaceful solution for solving the South question, she played a big role in explaining and clarifying that declaration.
  • Her activity among women became remarkable and tangible after May/1969.
  • Married and a mother of two children.

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Suad Ibrahim Issa
  • Born in Khartoum.
  • Attended Umdurman governmental elementary, intermediate and secondary schools.
  • Attained a diploma in education from the faculty of education at London University in 1962.
  • Worked as teacher in the intermediate schools till 1966.
  • Attained a bachelor of Sciences (Honors) in Mathematics in 1972.
  • Worked as a Mathematics head department in Umdurman Secondary school till 1974.
  • Did an MA of Mathematics in 1975.
  • Did an MA of Statistics in 1978.

  • Did the PhD in the educational statistics at the University of Khartoum in 1990.
  • Member of the Sudanese Women Union since its establishment in 1952 and member of its executive committee.
  • She was the general secretary of the Sudanese Women Union in 1955-1956.
  • Established the first school of the Sudanese Women Union; Khartoum Intermediate School for Girls (Alum School) in 1953.
  • Participated in establishing Sout Almaraa (Woman’s Voice) Newspaper.
  • She has some activities on Radion Umdurman and Sudan TV on the Woman Rukun program. She also presented special educational programs to students on that Rukun.
  • She has many writings on women issues on the Sudanese newspapers and magazines.
  • Member of the Sudanese Physicists and Mathematicians Society and its vice-chairperson in 1979-1980 turns.
  • Founding member of Babikr Badri’s Scientific Society for Women Studies.
  • Participated in many local women seminars and conferences.
  • Participated in International Seminar on Mathematics Development in the Third World Countries held in Khartoum.
  • She is currently working as a registrar at the School of Mathematics at the University of Khartoum and a lecturer at the faculty of Education.
  • Founding member and general secretary of the women initiatives group.
  • Married and a mother of one son.

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Takwi Sirskisian(First Sudanese woman journalist)
  • Born in Khartoum North (Bahri).
  • Attended Akrikan Preparatory School in Khartoum North (Bahri) and then the Unity High School in Khartoum.
  • Joined the Vocations Department in Khartoum, then she became well known of and famous for her proficiency in secretary works and shorthand writing (stenograph).
  • Established the first Women Association in Khartoum North (Bahri) for liberating Sudanese women and recruitment on cooking and handcrafts.
  • Published the first Women Magazine in Sudan (Bint Alwadi) in 1946 on her own expenses but stopped after two years due to financial difficulties.
  • Married in 1960 and then moved to KSA (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia) where she is now living with her family.

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Haga Kashif Badri
  • Born in Umdurman
  • Attended   Umdurman governmental elementary, intermediate and secondary schools and then entered Khartoum University in 1956.
  • She was one of the groups that organized the first strike in girls’ schools in Sudan.
  • Completed and MA of History at Cairo University -Khartoum Branch.
  • Did the PhD in Social Sciences at the University of Bragista in India in 1991.
  • Joined the underground political activities when she was at the secondary school.
  • Member and founder of the Sudanese Women Union in 1952, member of its executive committee till 1958 and chairperson 1956-1957.

  • Founding member of the Sudanese Peace Commission in 1952.
  • Worked as an information officer assistant at the ministry of information 1956-1958 and dismissed from that position for political reasons.
  • Worked as a secondary school teacher in Ethiopia for five years.
  • Published essays and papers on women issues.
  • She was the first woman to edit and publish a woman page on Alsaraha newspaper entitled (Woman and Work).
  • A correspondent for Alray Alaam newspaper from Italy.
  • She has activities on Umduram Radio such as (Woman Rukun) and other programs.
  • Published the Cultural Caravan Magazine in 1956 which never continued for along time.

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Um Salama Saeed Abdul latif
  • Attended the elementary school at Umdurman teachers’ college.
  • Attended Umdurman Alameeria intermediate school.
  • Attended the Unity High School.
  • Attained the certificate of education at the institute of education at London University.
  • Joined the training institute as one of the first two Sudanese women taking the position of the principal of an intermediate school .worked at the English department at the institute of intermediate schools’ teachers (females teachers),took the position of the dean of Female Teachers College as the first  woman who feminized this post ,employed as director-assistant for teachers’ training at the head office of the ministry of education and guidance ,in 1976 employed as the deputy of the minister of youth and sports and then became the chairperson of high council of sports after canceling the ministry of youth.
  • Founding member of Sudan Counselors’ Society, Sudanese Girls Association in 1947 as first women society and Sudanese education society whose name changed into Umdurman woman Renaissance Society.
  • One of the founders of the Sudanese women union and member of one of its executive committees till it was solved .when the women union was formed she became a member of the general secretariat of the preparatory committee and then a member of the executive board.
  • Member of the first executive committee of teachers’ trade union , member of the executive committee of the intermediate schools teachers’ trade union and chairperson Of Gari council.
  • Member of the executive board of the Sudanese women union and chairperson of first Sudan counselors’ society.
  • Chairperson of the high council for scout and counselors.
  • Member of international counselors’ development movement and the general secretary of Arab counselors.
  • Attended many conferences, meetings, gatherings ,forums camps in the UK, USA ,USSR, France ,Italy, Germany, Finland,  Holland , Denmark, Czechoslovakia , Bulgaria, Canada ,Sweden, Iran, Morocco, Tunisia ,Ethiopia, Libya Syria ,Kuwait ,the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia ,Gordon, Bahrain, Qatar, and Egypt.
  • Her activity associated with teachers’ trade union as first women group took this right and the right pregnancy leaves, delivery and the feminization of some positions at girls’ schools.
  • Scout movement expanded during her chairpersonship till it became a peoples’ movement and occupied a high position on the regional and international arenas.
  • Married and a mother of two sons.

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Safia Osman Musa Mohammad Ali
  • Born in Wad Medani .
  • Attended Elementary school at the Unity High School.
  • Continued her education at the governmental schools.
  • Specialized in English at the British Institutes as a distant learning student.
  • Established the first branch of the women union in Kosti in 1957 , first chairperson of its  executive committee till 1970 and during that period(1957-1970) she was also member of the Youth Union.
  • Established the first committee for Ahfad Schools in kosti.
  • Chaired the anti-colonization front committee in Kosti.
  • Established the Sudanese women Uinion branch in Almanshia (Khartoum) in 1970.
  • Member of the Sudanese women union in Alamarat(Khatrtoum)in 1981
  • Member of the Homeless Rescue committee in Almiweilh
  • Coordinator of Umdurman Prison, Almaygoma, the refugees. Reformatory,
  • Chosen by Al’uraba schools as the ideal mother and gave her name to of its classes.

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